1ère diffusion le 2 mai 1991 – durée 1h 20

La Lisiére – Eric Cordier – France Culture, Nuits Magnétiques, 02 05 1991 by Ericcordier on Mixcloud

 

La lisière d’une forêt est un lieu multiple. Elle côtoie plusieurs mondes, en traverse d’autres, et constitue, suivant les époques et les usages, un endroit d’échange ou de clôture engendrant une grande richesse de représentation dans notre imaginaire.

La lisière ne s’offre plus de la même façon à l’homme : autrefois elle était fortement en contact avec lui, elle était une limite de terroir que l’on traversait (mais sans aller très loin),  elle était un lieu de passage, de circulation et d’échange. Désormais des routes sillonnent la forêt et son coeur est devenu paradoxalement plus accessible. Conséquence, de ce changement de rapport au monde forestier, la lisière d’une zone d’échange est devenue  lieu de refuge, de relégation.

Le propos de l’émission est d’interviewer des personnes vivants à la lisière d’une forêt, ainsi que quelques historiens et spécialistes, pour préciser les spécificités de cette situation géographique. En l’occurrence, il s’agit de la frontière sud de la forêt de Brotonne en Haute-Normandie qui de plus est une limite départementale.

 

Au niveau végétal, elle constitue le passage du milieu boisé aux pâturages et aux champs. Dans l’imaginaire des ruraux la lisière garde encore une image forte de limite derrière laquelle se trouvait l’interdit ou surtout l’inaccessible. Endroit marginal par définition, on le ressent encore dans les noms des hameaux : le nouveau monde, le bout du monde.

La lisière étant frontière naturelle, elle délimitait un obstacle (la forêt) et par voie de conséquence, pour le contourner, elle constituait elle-même la voie la plus courte. Ainsi, il reste encore les traces de ces anciens chemins. J’ai dit « contourner » car on n’entrait pas, on ne traversait pas les forêts. Les voies de pénétrations qui les traversent de nos jours sont des ouvrages récents. Seuls les nobles, le roi y entrait en équipage, à l’occasion de la chasse. La forêt de Brotonne était territoire de chasse royale (d’où le fait qu’elle soit forêt domaniale aujourd’hui). Sinon elle servait de refuge aux brigands dans une tradition qui ne s’est éteinte que récemment.

L’importance de la lisière était alors considérable car ce qui était connu du paysan n’était qu’une étroite bande, large de quelques centaines de mètres, ou il menait paître ses animaux : vaches, chèvres et surtout les cochons qui y vivaient une grande partie de l’année d’une façon semi- sauvage. C’était également le lieu où l’on allait cueillir des plantes pour divers usages : complément alimentaire, médecine.

Or actuellement, ce lieu constitue un paradoxe car d’une certaine façon cette lisière est le point le plus reculé de la forêt. La structure routière et vicinale du XXe siècle privilégie, à l’heure de l’automobile, la pénétration et la traversée de la forêt au détriment de son contour ou tous chemins semblent avoir disparu où tout au moins ne sont plus goudronnés. Ainsi la lisière bien que proche de l’homme, est devenue difficile d’accès (hors d’atteinte en automobile) et constitue notamment le meilleur refuge des grands animaux (comme endroit le plus calme et proche des zones de gagnage).

Cette notion de frontière est encore sensible actuellement car en tant que frontière naturelle, on peut remarquer une certaine corrélation entre les forêts et nos limites départementales.

La lisière en tant que limite constitue une ligne, ligne entre deux espaces opposés. Mais cette ligne existe-elle en elle-même ?  Peut-elle être suivie, plus ou moins difficilement ?

Elle permet ainsi de constituer une véritable coupe au travers de laquelle se dessinent tous les aspects d’un terroir riche en contraste : la forêt, le bois, le chemin, les essarts, le champ, le pâturage, et au niveau du relief : passage du plateau aux terrasses au sud et passage des terrasses aux alluvions récentes ailleurs, le fleuve, le marais, la tourbière… Comme limite départementale également, elle peut constituer une zone de refuge pour les interdits de séjours.

Lisière

Lisière

Réalisation : Hélène Pommier ; mixage Josette Etier ; prise de son Philippe Sourdon

Avec, par ordre d’apparition : Patrick Sorel (homme des bois, Martainville (76)), Marie Meslun (éleveuse, La Haye Aubrée (27)),  XX (garde forestier, Vatteville la rue (76)), Robert Fossier (historien, Paris 1), Bruno Penna (exploitant forestier et archéologue, La Mailleraye sur Seine (76)), M. Lelou (ancien maire de Ste Croix sur Aizier (27)),  M. Volais cultivateur, Le Torp, La Mailleraye sur Seine (76)), M. Hanchard (réfugié des bombardements dans une carrière, La Haye de Routot/Bosgouet (27)), M. Kerman (riverain, Etreville  (27)), M. Lefrançois (ancien bûcheron et braconnier (27)).

Musique : Coil, DDAA, Nurse With Wound, SPK, Etron Fou Leloublan & Fred Frith… (merci aux musiciens qui m’ont répondu)

Projets récents

Toggle Console (8)
Deprecated
Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; incredible_flickr has a deprecated constructor on line 41 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/themes/centum/backend/widgets.php
Deprecated
Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; incredible_followers_widget has a deprecated constructor on line 374 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/themes/centum/backend/widgets.php
Deprecated
Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; incredible_popular has a deprecated constructor on line 463 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/themes/centum/backend/widgets.php
Deprecated
Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; incredible_latest has a deprecated constructor on line 582 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/themes/centum/backend/widgets.php
Notice
Only variables should be passed by reference on line 307 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/themes/centum/option-tree/ot-loader.php
Deprecated
Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; MixcloudEmbedWidget has a deprecated constructor on line 10 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-content/plugins/mixcloud-embed/mixcloud-embed-widget.php
Notice
Constant WP_MEMORY_LIMIT already defined on line 92 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-config.php
Notice
Constant WP_MAX_MEMORY_LIMIT already defined on line 93 in file /homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/wperic/wp-config.php
Profiler (0 ms)
No entries found.
SQL (121 queries | 121.55 ms)
0.4690
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_jetpack_idc_allowed' 
LIMIT 1
0.4559
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_jetpack_idc_allowed' 
LIMIT 1
0.4549
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'jetpack_sync_error_idc' 
LIMIT 1
0.4730
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'jetpack_excluded_extensions' 
LIMIT 1
0.6051
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'jetpack_edit_links_calypso_redirect' 
LIMIT 1
0.5572
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'uninstall_plugins' 
LIMIT 1
0.4401
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'ure_tasks_queue' 
LIMIT 1
0.3910
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'woocs' 
LIMIT 1
0.3150
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_886a756f8a6f9b4b5d431bad6e5b9149' 
LIMIT 1
0.2630
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_886a756f8a6f9b4b5d431bad6e5b9149' 
LIMIT 1
0.6399
SHOW FULL COLUMNS 
FROM `wp_options`
4.3709
UPDATE `wp_options` 
SET `option_value` = '1571750675' 
WHERE `option_name` = '_transient_timeout_886a756f8a6f9b4b5d431bad6e5b9149'
0.3450
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'woocs_rates_wpcron' 
LIMIT 1
0.5488
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16382) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.5081
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_pue_key_notices' 
LIMIT 1
0.3929
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_skip_welcome' 
LIMIT 1
0.6981
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'aioseop_notices' 
LIMIT 1
1.0870
SELECT wp_users.* 
FROM wp_users 
INNER JOIN wp_usermeta ON ( wp_users.ID = wp_usermeta.user_id ) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND ( ( ( wp_usermeta.meta_key = 'wp_capabilities' 
AND wp_usermeta.meta_value LIKE '%\"administrator\"%' ) OR ( wp_usermeta.meta_key = 'wp_capabilities' 
AND wp_usermeta.meta_value LIKE '%\"editor\"%' ) OR ( wp_usermeta.meta_key = 'wp_capabilities' 
AND wp_usermeta.meta_value LIKE '%\"author\"%' ) ) ) 
ORDER BY user_nicename ASC
0.8941
SELECT user_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_usermeta 
WHERE user_id IN (1) 
ORDER BY umeta_id ASC
0.5398
SELECT user_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_usermeta 
WHERE user_id IN (4) 
ORDER BY umeta_id ASC
0.6661
SELECT user_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_usermeta 
WHERE user_id IN (2) 
ORDER BY umeta_id ASC
0.5622
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_site_transient_timeout_aioseop_update_check_time' 
LIMIT 1
0.5791
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_site_transient_aioseop_update_check_time' 
LIMIT 1
1.1752
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'mc4wp_integrations' 
LIMIT 1
0.5031
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'pp_sidebars' 
LIMIT 1
0.4840
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'purepress_options' 
LIMIT 1
0.4489
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'woocommerce_tax_display_cart' 
LIMIT 1
0.3741
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'can_compress_scripts' 
LIMIT 1
0.3688
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_jetpack_file_data_7.8' 
LIMIT 1
0.8080
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_jetpack_file_data_7.8' 
LIMIT 1
0.3610
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_wpcom_social_media_icons_widget::is_active' 
LIMIT 1
0.3951
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_wpcom_social_media_icons_widget::is_active' 
LIMIT 1
0.5181
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 1510 
LIMIT 1
0.3681
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'woocommerce_enable_coupons' 
LIMIT 1
0.4141
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'ure_role_additional_options_values' 
LIMIT 1
0.4220
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_doing_cron' 
LIMIT 1
0.3018
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_doing_cron' 
LIMIT 1
3.2530
INSERT INTO `wp_options` (`option_name`, `option_value`, `autoload`) VALUES ('_transient_doing_cron', '1571664275.6846349239349365234375', 'yes') 
ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `option_name` = VALUES(`option_name`), `option_value` = VALUES(`option_value`), `autoload` = VALUES(`autoload`)
0.7951
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_events_import_column_mapping_events' 
LIMIT 1
0.4580
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_events_import_column_mapping_organizers' 
LIMIT 1
0.4041
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_events_import_column_mapping_venues' 
LIMIT 1
0.6251
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'pue_install_key_event_aggregator' 
LIMIT 1
0.7071
SELECT ID, post_name, post_parent, post_type 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE post_name IN ('la-lisiere') 
AND post_type IN ('portfolio','attachment')
0.7012
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 13997 
LIMIT 1
1.1349
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND (wp_posts.ID = '13997') 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
1.8160
SELECT t.*, tt.*, tr.object_id 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('parution', 'filters') 
AND tr.object_id IN (13997) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.8700
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (13997) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
2.1141
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (16585) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.4539
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_381' 
LIMIT 1
0.3901
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'mc4wp_form_stylesheets' 
LIMIT 1
0.2630
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_customizer' 
LIMIT 1
0.3550
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'tribe_events_pro_customizer' 
LIMIT 1
0.4001
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'ot_css_file_paths' 
LIMIT 1
2.0649
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') 
AND tr.object_id IN (13997) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
1.4369
SELECT * 
FROM wp_users 
WHERE ID = '2' 
LIMIT 1
0.4072
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_jetpack_akismet_key_is_valid' 
LIMIT 1
0.3462
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_jetpack_akismet_key_is_valid' 
LIMIT 1
0.7100
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 2523 
LIMIT 1
1.3220
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (2523) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.5269
SELECT p.ID 
FROM wp_posts AS p 
WHERE p.post_date < '2015-03-03 00:05:44' 
AND p.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND p.post_status = 'publish' 
ORDER BY p.post_date DESC 
LIMIT 1
0.5651
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 13895 
LIMIT 1
0.5209
SELECT p.ID 
FROM wp_posts AS p 
WHERE p.post_date > '2015-03-03 00:05:44' 
AND p.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND p.post_status = 'publish' 
ORDER BY p.post_date ASC 
LIMIT 1
1.1051
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 14030 
LIMIT 1
1.5550
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (13997) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.7010
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 14017 
LIMIT 1
0.6659
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (14017) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.4289
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 15087 
LIMIT 1
0.4370
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (15087) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.3352
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_geoip_3.228.21.186' 
LIMIT 1
0.3061
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = '_transient_geoip_3.228.21.186' 
LIMIT 1
3.6490
UPDATE `wp_options` 
SET `option_value` = '1571750676' 
WHERE `option_name` = '_transient_timeout_886a756f8a6f9b4b5d431bad6e5b9149'
0.3932
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'magnovus' 
LIMIT 1
0.5081
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
WHERE t.term_id = 233
0.7322
SELECT tr.object_id 
FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('nav_menu') 
AND tt.term_id IN ('233') 
ORDER BY tr.object_id ASC
1.2641
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13241,13242,13243,13244,13248,13250,13252,13261,13262,13263,13446,13466,13469,13482,13575,13888,13913,13917,13981,14122,14169,14223,14234,14238,15174,16384,16483,17275) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
2.3880
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (13252,14223,13248,13913,13262,13263,13261,13482,13575,13917,13446,14122,13469,13888,13981,14234,14238,16483,13250,15174,17275,13241,13242,14169,13243,13244,13466,16384) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
2.4021
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (107,14221,1460,13907,13257,13259,13255,13477,13573,13914,13360,13918,13467,13886,13979,14232,14235,16479,1510,16,1530,14165,1539,1546,14) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'page' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
2.5940
SELECT t.*, tt.*, tr.object_id 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (16479, 14235, 14232, 14221, 14165, 13979, 13918, 13914, 13907, 13886, 13573, 13477, 13467, 13360, 13259, 13257, 13255, 1546, 1539, 1530, 107, 1510, 1460, 16, 14) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.3939
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_425' 
LIMIT 1
0.3181
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_427' 
LIMIT 1
0.2930
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_428' 
LIMIT 1
1.5481
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16479,14235,14232,14221,14165,13979,13918,13914,13907,13886,13573,13477,13467,13360,13259,13257,13255,1546,1539,1530,107,1510,1460,16,14) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
1.0481
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13241,13242,13243,13244,13248,13250,13252,13261,13262,13263,13446,13466,13469,13482,13575,13888,13913,13917,13981,14122,14169,14223,14234,14238,15174,16384,16483,17275) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
3.1059
SELECT wp_posts.*, wp_p2p.* 
FROM wp_posts LEFT JOIN wp_term_relationships ON (wp_posts.ID = wp_term_relationships.object_id) 
INNER JOIN wp_p2p LEFT JOIN wp_p2pmeta AS p2pm_order ON ( wp_p2p.p2p_id = p2pm_order.p2p_id 
AND p2pm_order.meta_key = '_order_to' ) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND ( wp_term_relationships.term_taxonomy_id IN (396) ) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'post' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
AND (wp_p2p.p2p_type = 'post_to_portfolio' 
AND wp_posts.ID = wp_p2p.p2p_from 
AND wp_p2p.p2p_to IN (SELECT wp_posts.ID 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13997) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC )) 
GROUP BY wp_posts.ID 
ORDER BY p2pm_order.meta_value+0 ASC, wp_posts.post_date DESC
2.1119
SELECT wp_posts.*, wp_p2p.* 
FROM wp_posts 
INNER JOIN wp_p2p LEFT JOIN wp_p2pmeta AS p2pm_order ON ( wp_p2p.p2p_id = p2pm_order.p2p_id 
AND p2pm_order.meta_key = '_order_to' ) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'partenaire' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
AND (wp_p2p.p2p_type = 'partenaire_to_portfolio' 
AND wp_posts.ID = wp_p2p.p2p_from 
AND wp_p2p.p2p_to IN (SELECT wp_posts.ID 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13997) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC )) 
ORDER BY p2pm_order.meta_value+0 ASC, wp_posts.post_date DESC
1.0931
SELECT wp_posts.*, wp_p2p.* 
FROM wp_posts 
INNER JOIN wp_p2p LEFT JOIN wp_p2pmeta AS p2pm_order ON ( wp_p2p.p2p_id = p2pm_order.p2p_id 
AND p2pm_order.meta_key = '_order_from' ) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'product' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
AND (wp_p2p.p2p_type = 'portfolio_to_product' 
AND wp_posts.ID = wp_p2p.p2p_to 
AND wp_p2p.p2p_from IN (SELECT wp_posts.ID 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13997) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC )) 
ORDER BY p2pm_order.meta_value+0 ASC, wp_posts.post_date DESC
0.5550
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 13999 
LIMIT 1
0.5181
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (13999) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
1.1570
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (13999) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
1.3092
SELECT DISTINCT wp_posts.*, IF (wp_posts.post_type = 'tribe_events', wp_postmeta.meta_value, wp_posts.post_date) AS post_date 
FROM wp_posts LEFT JOIN wp_postmeta as wp_postmeta on wp_posts.ID = wp_postmeta.post_id 
AND wp_postmeta.meta_key = '_EventStartDate' 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13999) 
AND wp_posts.post_type IN ('post', 'page', 'attachment', 'product', 'partenaire', 'tribe_events', 'portfolio') 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status <> 'trash' 
AND wp_posts.post_status <> 'auto-draft')) 
ORDER BY post_date DESC 
LIMIT 0, 1
0.5970
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'jetpack_relatedposts' 
LIMIT 1
1.3878
SELECT DISTINCT wp_posts.*, wp_p2p.* 
FROM wp_posts LEFT JOIN wp_term_relationships ON (wp_posts.ID = wp_term_relationships.object_id) 
INNER JOIN wp_p2p LEFT JOIN wp_p2pmeta AS p2pm_order ON ( wp_p2p.p2p_id = p2pm_order.p2p_id 
AND p2pm_order.meta_key = '_order_from' ) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND ( wp_term_relationships.term_taxonomy_id IN (396) ) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'product' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
AND (wp_p2p.p2p_type = 'portfolio_to_product' 
AND wp_posts.ID = wp_p2p.p2p_to 
AND wp_p2p.p2p_from IN (SELECT DISTINCT wp_posts.ID 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13997) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC )) 
GROUP BY wp_posts.ID 
ORDER BY p2pm_order.meta_value+0 ASC, wp_posts.post_date DESC
0.6709
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('filters') 
AND t.term_id IN ( 266 )
22.2378
SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS DISTINCT wp_posts.ID 
FROM wp_posts LEFT JOIN wp_term_relationships ON (wp_posts.ID = wp_term_relationships.object_id) 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID NOT IN (13997) 
AND ( wp_term_relationships.term_taxonomy_id IN (288) ) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'portfolio' 
AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-success' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-failed' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-schedule' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-pending' OR wp_posts.post_status = 'tribe-ea-draft') 
GROUP BY wp_posts.ID 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC 
LIMIT 0, 4
0.3560
SELECT FOUND_ROWS()
0.8419
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID IN (16828,16627,16338,16307)
1.0200
SELECT t.*, tt.*, tr.object_id 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('parution', 'filters') 
AND tr.object_id IN (16307, 16338, 16627, 16828) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.3431
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_368' 
LIMIT 1
0.3810
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_434' 
LIMIT 1
0.3009
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_440' 
LIMIT 1
0.3221
SELECT option_value 
FROM wp_options 
WHERE option_name = 'taxonomy_366' 
LIMIT 1
0.5970
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16307,16338,16627,16828) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.3791
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 16835 
LIMIT 1
0.5300
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16835) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.3898
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 16628 
LIMIT 1
0.4089
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16628) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.4289
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 16339 
LIMIT 1
1.0300
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16339) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.4590
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 16308 
LIMIT 1
0.5171
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (16308) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.5920
SELECT DISTINCT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.post_name = '920e3bbf0b4061e0addf7f401153d9a8' 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'oembed_cache' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
0.6030
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 16585 
LIMIT 1
0.6289
SELECT * 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE ID = 14274 
LIMIT 1
0.6979
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (14274) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.7138
SELECT t.*, tt.* 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
WHERE t.term_id = 203
0.9301
SELECT tr.object_id 
FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('nav_menu') 
AND tt.term_id IN ('203') 
ORDER BY tr.object_id ASC
1.0419
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (13807,13808,13809,14202) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
0.9131
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (13808,13807,13809,14202) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.9191
SELECT wp_posts.* 
FROM wp_posts 
WHERE 1=1 
AND wp_posts.ID IN (2523,2524,5863,5864) 
AND wp_posts.post_type = 'page' 
AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) 
ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
1.7750
SELECT t.*, tt.*, tr.object_id 
FROM wp_terms AS t 
INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id 
INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id 
WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('language', 'post_translations') 
AND tr.object_id IN (2524, 5863, 5864) 
ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.7858
SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value 
FROM wp_postmeta 
WHERE post_id IN (2523,2524,5863,5864) 
ORDER BY meta_id ASC
Templates
[0] => themes/centum/option-tree/ot-loader.php
[1] => themes/centum/theme-options.php
[2] => themes/centum/meta-boxes.php
[3] => themes/centum/backend/widgets.php
[4] => themes/centum/backend/helpers.php
[5] => themes/centum/backend/tinymce.php
[6] => themes/centum/backend/shortcodes.php
[7] => themes/centum/backend/cssjs.php
[8] => themes/centum/backend/sidebars.php
[9] => themes/centum/backend/tgmpa.php
[10] => themes/centum/backend/class-tgm-plugin-activation.php
[11] => themes/centum/option-tree/includes/ot-functions.php
[12] => themes/centum/option-tree/includes/ot-functions-deprecated.php
[13] => themes/centum/backend/codebird.php
[14] => themes/centum-child/single-portfolio.php
[15] => themes/centum-child/header.php
[16] => themes/centum-child/sidebar-portfolio.php
[17] => themes/centum/footer.php
[18] => themes/centum/searchform.php
Globals
$_GET = array (
);

$_POST = array (
);

$_COOKIE = array (
);

$_SESSION = array (
);

$_SERVER = array (
  'SERVER_SOFTWARE' => 'Apache',
  'REQUEST_URI' => '/portfolio/la-lisiere/',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID' => 'Xa2xklKlVYgAAKunVxcAAAA0',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DOCUMENT_ROOT' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_UI_SUEXEC_DEFAULT_CHROOT_ID' => '13',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_UI_SUEXEC_FSTATD_UNIXSOCKET' => '/run/ui-fstatd.suexec.socket',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_UI_SUEXEC_STATISTICS_UNIXSOCKET' => '/homepages/sclientMF/http.sock.bin',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_HTTPS' => 'on',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_CPU' => '40',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_MEM' => '768',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_PROCSOFT' => '10',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_PROCHARD' => '22',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_JIMDO' => '800',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_CPU_JIMDO' => '60',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_MEM_JIMDO' => '768',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_PROCSOFT_JIMDO' => '24',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL_PROCHARD_JIMDO' => '24',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY_HOST' => 'ericcordier.fr',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY_VALUE' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs:d0000#CPU 60 #MEM 524288 #CGI 786762 #NPROC 16 #TAID 80992020 #LANG 2 #RSCLVL 200 #STAT 1 #CHROOT 13',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY_DOCROOT' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY_HASH' => 'd0000',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__CPU' => '60',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__MEM' => '524288',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__CGI' => '786762',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__NPROC' => '16',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__TAID' => '80992020',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__LANG' => '2',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__RSCLVL' => '200',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__STAT' => '1',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY__CHROOT' => '13',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_DBENTRY' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs:d0000#CPU 60 #MEM 524288 #CGI 786762 #NPROC 16 #TAID 80992020 #LANG 2 #RSCLVL 200 #STAT 1 #CHROOT 13',
  'REDIRECT_REDIRECT_STATUS' => '200',
  'REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID' => 'Xa2xklKlVYgAAKunVxcAAAA0',
  'REDIRECT_DOCUMENT_ROOT' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs',
  'REDIRECT_HTTPS' => 'on',
  'REDIRECT_HANDLER' => 'x-mapp-php5.5',
  'REDIRECT_STATUS' => '200',
  'UNIQUE_ID' => 'Xa2xklKlVYgAAKunVxcAAAA0',
  'HTTPS' => 'on',
  'HTTP_HOST' => 'www.ericcordier.fr',
  'HTTP_USER_AGENT' => 'CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)',
  'HTTP_ACCEPT' => 'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8',
  'HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE' => 'en-US,en;q=0.5',
  'HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE' => 'Tue, 23 Jul 2019 10:17:50 GMT',
  'HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING' => 'gzip',
  'PATH' => '/bin:/usr/bin',
  'SERVER_SIGNATURE' => '',
  'SERVER_NAME' => 'ericcordier.fr',
  'SERVER_ADDR' => '82.165.85.136',
  'SERVER_PORT' => '443',
  'REMOTE_ADDR' => '3.228.21.186',
  'DOCUMENT_ROOT' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs',
  'REQUEST_SCHEME' => 'https',
  'CONTEXT_PREFIX' => '/system-bin/',
  'CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT' => '/kunden/usr/lib/cgi-bin/',
  'SERVER_ADMIN' => 'webmaster@ericcordier.fr',
  'SCRIPT_FILENAME' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/index.php',
  'REMOTE_PORT' => '27728',
  'REDIRECT_URL' => '/index.php',
  'GATEWAY_INTERFACE' => 'CGI/1.1',
  'SERVER_PROTOCOL' => 'HTTP/1.1',
  'REQUEST_METHOD' => 'GET',
  'QUERY_STRING' => '',
  'SCRIPT_NAME' => '/index.php',
  'STATUS' => '200',
  'ORIG_PATH_INFO' => '/index.php',
  'ORIG_PATH_TRANSLATED' => '/kunden/homepages/12/d577389983/htdocs/index.php',
  'PHP_SELF' => '/index.php',
  'REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT' => '1571664274.7947',
  'REQUEST_TIME' => '1571664274',
  'argv' => 
  array (
  ),
  'argc' => '0',
);

Close